An electronic signature certificate is a document confirming that a public key belongs to its owner. In fact, this means that the ownership of the signature by you is certified by some third arbiter. The role of the arbitrator in this case is performed by the Certification Authority that issues the certificate. It guarantees the authenticity of the signature. Many are interested in how to install a digital signature certificate on a computer.
What is a certificate
A certificate in accordance with Article 14 of the Federal Law No. 63, officially published on 2011-06-04, can be issued both in paper and in electronic form.
The certificate is used so that the recipient of the document can make sure that the received document with ES is signed by the person who owns the signature and the key is valid. To do this, you need to install an electronic digital signature.
According to Federal Law No. 14 (Article 2) certificatecontains the following information:
- Public key to verify.
- Details of the certification authority.
- Standards for public and private keys.
- Information about the individual or the name of the legal entity and their location.
- Number and validity period of the certificate, date of issue.
If the certificate is issued to a legal entity, then along with the name indicate the full name of the person who, by proxy or by the Charter of the enterprise, is entrusted with the right to sign. Both individuals and legal entities need to know how to install an EDS certificate on a computer.
This is the organization that is responsible for the authenticity of the EDS. In case of termination of work, the CA is obliged to notify everyone who used its services one month in advance. If during liquidation the information contained in the register is not transferred to a third party, then it is destroyed. This must also be notified 1 month in advance.
Certificates are issued for a period of 1 year. If the customer knows that their status and details may change earlier, the expiration date may be reduced. If the verification of the EDS certificate revealed violations, it can be canceled. It can also be withdrawn by a court decision or a client's request.
On the website of the NCA (National Certification Authority) you can order different types of certificates: for Rosreestr, for trading, for the tax service, etc.
How to install an EDS certificate on a computer
To install a certificate on a computer, you must have the CryptoPro CSP program. It can be downloaded from the sitedeveloper. The program is paid, but you can use it for free for three months.
Include the certificate carrier in the computer and install its driver, if necessary. Action algorithm:
- Install the program and run it.
- In the program window, select the "Service" tab.
- In the window that appears, click the "View certificates in the container" item.
- Click on "Browse" and see the data available for installation. Agree (OK).
- We see the "Private Key Certificates" window, skip it by clicking "Next".
- In the window that opens, select "Properties" and "Install Certificate".
- The certificate import wizard will open, then select the installation location.
- Select the desired folder, agree, click "Finish".
- After installing the EDS certificate, CryptoPro confirms that everything is in order.
The installation procedure is very simple and accessible to everyone. But, if you are not sure that you can handle it, CA specialists can provide this service. In addition, many other specialized companies know how to install a digital signature certificate on a computer and can help you with this for a small fee.
In recent years, everyone has heard the ideas of the digital economy, e-government. These themes are heard at all levels of government. Even the President spoke about this in his annual Address. Various aspects of this phenomenon are discussed: philosophical, technical, and organizational. In many areas of economic life began to actively use electronicworkflow.
Everyone in life has to put their signature on various documents. We put a signature as a private person, certifying certain actions or familiarization with something. There can be many examples of this. We sign documents, orders, orders, as an official. This is a testament to the authenticity of the document and its significance.
For electronic document management, you must have an electronic signature. And for this, you also need to know how to install an EDS certificate on a computer.