Undoubtedly, many are familiar with the situation when, for example, in the process of passing a modern game or launching a heavy application, the system crashes, and it is critical (Kernel-Power (event code 41, 63rd category)). In some cases, the so-called "blue screen of death" may appear, sometimes the computer just hangs and does not react to anything, sometimes the message appears on a black background. Let's try to figure out what it is connected with.
Kernel-Power error (event ID 41): general information
Perhaps we should start with a description of the failure itself. Based on the translation of this term from English, it can be characterized as a Windows kernel capacity error. Without special knowledge, however, it is quite difficult to understand. We will restrict ourselves to the fact that event code 41 (Kernel-Power), category 63 indicates that the system is unable to handle too manyrequests to process complex operations, such as floating point calculations. This, by the way, confirms the freezing of modern resource-intensive games that are based on just such platforms.
On the other hand, even the "Microsoft" source does not explain such a failure. Kernel-Power (event ID 41) in the form of a failure can occur for a variety of reasons. These are already enthusiasts of their business literally got to the bottom of possible symptoms. The saddest thing is that they differ so much that finding out the real cause of the failure is far from the easiest thing. In addition, an indication of such a failure can only be found in reports (visual confirmation is not issued).
No cause of illness, no cure?
After the computer or laptop stops responding to user manipulations, only a full Reset (reboot) helps, but even then, only by long pressing and holding the power button. By the way, it is far from a fact that after that the system will work normally. Some time - maybe, but then the re-occurrence of the Kernel-Power error (event code 41) is absolutely not excluded. And, judging by the fact that even Microsoft experts cannot name the true cause of the failure, many users are unable to determine its true nature. So what to do in this case?
It should be said separately that reinstalling Windows does not help either. So from here we can draw the only possible conclusion: the conflict is at the level of hardware, system and installedsoftware. However, in the case of programs or games, the explanation of the failure by the fact that the hardware simply does not meet the recommended system requirements looks quite logical. However, despite the lack of official transcripts, as is customary for most Windows errors, there are still several treatment options. Well, firstly, you should check whether all the cables fit snugly, and secondly, the power supply (if any) can simply “not pull” the load, causing power surges. But that's not the point now.
Critical Kernel-Power error (event code 41): configuring BIOS
The most common failure occurs when the processor overheats. This can be observed in two cases: either it is under load that it is not designed for in the software plan (resource-intensive games), or it was simply overclocked.
First of all, if there is a problem with Kernel-Power, event code 41 (Windows 7, for example), you should look at the characteristics of the central processor and change all overclocked parameters in the BIOS that correspond to overclocking (we are not talking about physical overclocking now). For an ordinary user, in order not to delve into the settings, and without special knowledge, the easiest way is to reset the settings to the factory settings.
As a rule, in any BIOS there is an option Load BIOS Setup Defaults or something like that. Don't like the programmatic way?
In stationary computers, the motherboard can have severalminutes, remove the battery or move the Clear CMOS jumper from position “1-2” to position “2-3” for 15 seconds, then return everything to its place. As already clear, the settings will be reset. However, with a weak processor (especially with its physical overclocking), this may not always help. Yes, and please note: this method is only suitable for desktop computers. It is absolutely unacceptable for laptops.
In case Kernel-Power kernel error, event code 41 (Windows 8 for example) occurs again, you will have to check the CPU itself.
In the simplest way, you can use the free utility Everest or something similar. True, it only tests hardware components, and certainly does not restore the original or optimal parameter values. But, at least, at least it will be known to what extent such a failure can be related precisely to overheating of the processor.
Actually, it's best to use the so-called Prime95 test, where you first need to select the Just Stress Testing mode, and in the options of the Torture Test section … set the In-place large FFTs mode.
Problems with RAM
Unfortunately, the option is not ruled out when a failure, designated as Kernel-Power (event code 41), occurs when the RAM is malfunctioning.
In this situation, to begin withyou can use the standard "RAM" checker, which is present in any Windows system. You can access it, for example, by entering the appropriate query in the Start menu search field or by entering the mdsched command in the Run menu, and then select the desired action (reboot with verification or test at the next system boot). Please note: in both cases, the utility should be launched as an administrator, and if necessary, enter a password, if one has been set.
On the other hand, the test may not reveal anything critical, and the user will again get the Kernel-Power (41) error. What to do in such a situation? It's simple - you just need to take out the memory strips one by one and then reboot the system and see how stable it works. Perhaps the problem is in the recently installed slats or simply in a mismatch between them. Again, this can be done on stationary computer terminals.
Problems with hard drives
Another situation related to this failure is that not all hard drives are "friendly" with 64-bit operating systems, starting with Windows 7. In particular, this was noticed with Seagate hard drives.
In this case, it is recommended to use utilities like HDD Life or HDD He alth and look at the test results. In some cases, it may be necessary to update the firmware of the hard drive, although this is very rare. If testing shows that there are problems with the “screw”, you will either have to bearrepair it, or, alas, install a new one.
In extreme cases, you can try the HDD Regenerator software package, which, according to the developers, can not only repair bad sectors, but even remagnetize hard drives of any type. However, there is no full confidence in restoring their performance, so you will have to use this utility at your own peril and risk.
Problems with sound or video cards
No less common problem, no matter how surprising it sounds, can be the installation of two sound or video chips, between which there is a conflict both at the physical and software levels.
As for correcting the situation, you can simply remove one of them for a while, and then see how the system as a whole will behave.
Updating drivers for network cards
Another common situation when a Kernel-Power failure (event code 41) manifests itself, according to experts, is the presence of incorrectly installed or outdated drivers for network cards in the system.
As it is already clear, they must either be removed first and then reinstalled, or simply updated. A standard system tool or even a free version of the Driver Booster utility, which is able to perform all actions automatically in a few minutes, is perfect for updating. If there is no Internet connection, you will have to download the latest drivers from anothercomputer, and then install them manually.
Required to enable Windows updates
Finally, many experts who have investigated this failure agree that automatic system updates must be enabled without fail. This can solve many problems related to the system side, since the hardware segment is practically not affected by updates (with rare exceptions in the form of updates to specific drivers).
To do this, simply select the appropriate mode in Windows Update. It is advisable to use full automation, without involving downloads and offers for installation. Let it be better for the system to find itself and install everything it needs. If this fixes the problem, over time (if someone does not like it), automatic updates can be turned off.
As you can see from all of the above, the problem of Kernel-Power is quite serious, and it is not so easy to solve it (especially since no official clarifications are given on this matter). So in most cases, users will have to identify the source of the failure themselves, although it is better to immediately use the services of specialists or service centers.
Nevertheless, I think that even such simple tips in finding the source of the problem can sometimes help find the right solution to fix it, especially since there is nothing particularly complicated in them.